Norway

 

  Conscription:

Yes

 

  Conscientious objection:

1922

First recognised by Civilian Conscript Workers Act, 24th March

Service

 

Military:

12

 

Civilian:

-

Since 2012 there has been no alternative civilian service. People who are exempted from military service can be transferred for service in the sector of Civil Protection (Sivilforsvaret) until the year they turn 55. They get a 3-week start up course, and then serve 2 days a year as training. If there is a crisis, they will be called in for service.

Minimum

 

Conscription:

18

 

Voluntary enlistment:

18

 

More 

https://ebco-beoc.org/norway

According to the reply of the Ministry of Justice and Public Security of Norway to the Questionnaire about EBCO’s Annual Report 2020 (e-mail on 05/01/2021):

The right of conscientious objection is recognized by law for conscripted soldiers. Conscript who by reason of sincere personal conviction are opposed to military service, may be exempted from such service. The Norwegian legislation regarding conscientious objection to military service, accepts pacifism based on religious, human-ethical and political conviction. The person must claim to be unable to perform military service of any kind. The application shall be made in a special application form in which the applicant declares that he complies with the requirements of the law. The military body “Forsvarets personell- og vernepliktssenter” handles the application. The appeal body is the Ministry of Justice and Public security.

The military service is normally of 12-month duration. Since 2012 there has been no alternative civilian service in Norway. People who are exempted from military service shall therefore not perform an alternative civilian service of 12-month duration. However, these people can be transferred for service in the sector of civil protection (Sivilforsvaret).

As of now we do not have the exact numbers of applicants who declared themselves as conscientious objectors in 2020, but the number is expected to be around 220 - 230. In 2017 the number of applicants was 166, in 2018 198, and in 2019 there was a total of 267 applicants. Because there are no longer a mandatory civilian service for those who are exempted from military service, there are no total objectors in Norway.

According to the reply of the Ministry of Defence of Norway to the Questionnaire about EBCO’s Annual Report 2019 (e-mail on 07/02/2020):

Military recruitment in Norway is governed by: 1) The Law of Civil Protection (Sivilbeskyttelsesloven), and 2) The Law of Conscripts and Military Service (Forsvarsloven), and more specifically the Regulations on Conscripts and Home Guard Service (Vernepliktsforskriften).

All enrolled personnel answer a declaration. Enrolled personnel are all boys and girls from the year they turn 17. With basis in the answers given in the declaration, it is decided how many are selected for the second stage of the selection. After the second selection stage, it is decided which 9,000 conscripts (approximately) will serve each year. This would be about 1/3 of the Norwegian Armed Forces.

The Civil Protection are the only alternative for the conscientious objectors, through application where your conscientious objection is proven. All who are granted their application regarding conscientious objection are offered to serve in Civil Protection. Alternative service is administered by the Ministry of Justice and Public Security through the Directorate for Civil Protection and Emergency.

Declared conscientious objectors: 170 in 2019, 162 in 2018, 126 in 2017, 136 in 2016 and 174 in 2015.

Those who serve in Civil Protection do so until the year they turn 55. All who are called in to serve in Civil Protection get a 3-week start up course, and then serve 2 days a year as training. If there is a crisis, they will be called in for service. Both military and civilian service are limited to max 19 months of total service in peacetime.

Total objection is not an alternative. Either you serve as a conscript in the Norwegian Armed Forces, when called upon, or you serve as a conscientious objector in Civil Protection. If not, you can be fined or imprisoned for up to 2 years.

Conscripts of the Norwegian Armed Forces are given the opportunity to apply for conscientious objection if their conviction changes during service.

Conscripts with applications granted during service are as follows (numbers here are also included in the above-mentioned numbers): 43 in 2019, 35 in 2018, 37 in 2017, 53 in 2016 and 53 in 2015.