Slovak Republic




Suspended in 2006, but it is legally retained and can be reinstituted in case of emergency.

  Conscientious objection:


First recognised in Civilian Service Act, No.18/1992 (in Czechoslovakia times).













No conscription

Voluntary enlistment:




According to the reply of the Ministry of Defence of the Slovak Republic to the Questionnaire about EBCO’s Annual Report 2020 (e-mail on 07/01/2021):

Compulsory military service (conscription) ended on 31 December 2005. Legislatively, the end of compulsory military service and the introduction of fully professionally armed forces are regulated by a package of three Acts, which have been valid in Slovakia since 1 January 2006. These include Act No. 570/2005 Coll. (Conscription Act as supplemented and amended), Act No. 569/2005 Coll. (Alternative Service at Times of War and State of War as supplemented and amended), and Constitutional (Amendment) Act No. 227/2002 Coll. (Constitutional Act on Security of State at Times of War, State of War, State of Exceptional Circumstances and State of Emergency).

In the Slovak Republic the first recognition of conscientious objection in terms of Alternative Service was based on Civilian Service Act No.18/1992.

SVK citizens are subject to conscription between the ages of 18 and 55. The legal minimum age to enter the Armed Forces in peace time is 18.

For active duty members of the Armed Forces, there is no explicit legal basis for conscientious objection recognition based on applicable law. In the case of Alternative Service, conscientious objection is recognized in Act No. 569/2005 Coll. Act on Alternative Service in Times of War and State of War.

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